Water Distribution

At the conclusion of this course, you will:

  • Be familiar with the basic information you need to build a water distribution system.
  • Be able to communicate intelligently with pump suppliers in order to get the best pump for your system.
  • Be able to decide whether to replace pumps, or build a parallel line if the existing one does not provide the water you need.

The water supply is in place; now you need to get that water moving! In the old days, artesian wells and springs made life simple. A pipe was run from the source to the kitchen, and voila, water! The water was left running year round to insure the pipe did not freeze, and the wife had clean water whenever she wanted it. That was yesterday; today it is slightly more complicated. The water is usually well below the water spigot, and we worry about the things that might have gotten into that water, or might get into it before it reaches the tap.

The first thing needed for water distribution is a pump to add energy to the water. The second thing usually needed is a storage facility. This could be a gravity water tank (on the surface or a tower) or a hydropneumatic tank.

The minimum treatment would be chlorine for well water, or chloramine for surface waters. Use of chloramines reduces the regulated cancer-causing compounds, such as trihalomethanes (THMs), which result from the combination of chlorine with organics found in surface water.

Lastly, you will need transmission and distribution lines.

Water, water everywhere, but not a drop to drink.